Leadership distribué et motivation autonome

Qui vous a dit: c’est pas votre affaire ?

ethicofcontribution2La prise de conscience que les organisations ne peuvent faire face au contexte VUCA sauf si l'initiative, la pensée créatrice et le leadership sont très DISTRIBUÉS et que les gens se comportent comme des co-propriétaires, et se sentent responsables pour l'organisation dans son ensemble.

Cette prise de conscience a été développée à partir de directions très différentes et dans cet article de réflexion, nous rassemblons quelques-unes de ces directions et écoles de pensée qui vont toutes dans cette direction.

Paul Adler, Charles Hecksher & Laurance Prusak., (2011).  Building a Collaborative Enterprise.  Four Keys to creating a culture of trust and teamwork. Harvard Business Review, July-August 2011.

Marylène Gagné and Edward Deci. (2005) Self-Determination Theory and Work Motivation.  J. Organiz. Behav. 26, 331–362 (2005)



In essence they all are about developing contribution of all to a shared purpose, collaboration and learning from working together, enable people to act, develop autonomous motivation and intra-preneurship, etc...

Most of these schools of thinking also express the need not only for a shift in leadership and management roles towards a more process facilitation role of that collaboration.


The idea of distributed leadership goes beyond the classical idea of delegating responsibilities to team members, but introduces the ideas of an oranizational culture that allows people to take leadership in areas or at particular moments they feel that it is beneficial for the organization, they are well equiped to do it, they have the energy for it and others are willing to support them and collaborate to reach the expected results.  In that sence it is a very different view on leadership as the 'heroic type' of leadership which was advocated in past decades with a lot of focus on people like Steve Jobs.

The idea of distributed leadership goes well with the idea of autonomy of professionals as individuals but also as networks.  Autonomy only works if an organization is capable to build a strong 'social network' with shared ambitions, where people can fully contribute with their passion and skills and where they can learn from one another and in a jobcontext with ample room for initiative.

In these articles a few of those ideas are introduced : 

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